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Latest Analyses
Published: 27 August 2017
Dr. Erik Sauar of Differ has analyzed the reporting of primary energy and secondary refined energy by the IEA and claims that the IEA energy statistics underestimates the role of wind and solar in the world’s energy mix....
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Published: 29 September 2015
The Sustainable Development Goal no. 7 of achieving universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy by 2030 was recently adopted by the UN General Assembly. The fact that the objective is linked to Read more
Published: 13 April 2014
What are the opportunities for companies supplying technology to, or implementing smaller energy projects in, developing countries? How can they develop their business without taking all the risk themselves? In this Differ report we give an overview of sources of early-stage fund...
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Published: 6 November 2013

There are currently an estimated 1.3 billion people without access to modern electricity. The UN-driven Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative has the objective of achieving universal access to modern electricity by 2030. However, no concretely feasible and financially...
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Published: 6 October 2013

The stakeholder consultation report, as well as the Gold Standard Passports for the PoA and the real-case component project activity (CPA), are available below

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Published: 30 August 2013

The price for secondary CERs has collapsed to a level where it is unlikely that it will incentivise investment in new emission reduction projects. But there are a few buyers who are willing to pay a significant premium to get new projects started, e.g. 4-6 €/tCO2e, preferably ...
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Published: 29 May 2013
Traditionally, hydropower has been developed in large scale, typically 10+MW, where each project has been engineered and tailored. This is not possible for small-scale projects as the engineering costs would have made the projects too expensive and non-profitable. The technologie...
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Published: 4 April 2013
The carbon markets are currently taking a count, in particular the flexible mechanisms like the CDM. Much effort is currently going into finding out how to save the CDM, but we believe this needs to be looked at it from the opposite perspective, i.e. “Ask not what you can do for ...
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Published: 7 November 2012
This analysis provides an overview of the main barriers for private investments in the clean cookstove sector which prevents large-scale commercialisation. We discuss the effectiveness of past clean cookstove deployment and subsidisation practices, before laying out alternative s...
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Published: 16 May 2012
 In April this year, UN introduced a new vehicle – the CDM Loan Scheme – to stimulate CDM project registration in currently under-represented CDM countries. Interest-free loans are given in an early phase of the CDM process, with payback time after the first issuance of CERs...
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Published: 23 March 2012
This Differ report is a rough introduction to clean cookstoves and was initiated in the process of evaluating three clean cookstove investment cases. The report provides an overview of clean cookstove types and features, identifies the most important cookstove attributes for ensu...
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Published: 6 February 2012
In this report we provide a brief overview of the Indonesian electricity system and the regulations that govern this. In another upcoming report, we will use this as the starting point for discussing the renewable energy business opportunities in Indonesia.Read more
Published: 1 February 2012
This report provides a brief overview of the Ukrainian electricity system, including the physical facts, the regulatory framework under which the various players are operating, as well as the potential for electricity generation based on renewable sources. Thi...
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