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Results-based financing in the GCF


"How resullts-based financing can help the GCF achieve its objectives"  is a Differ-report to the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment on why and how to implement RBF in the GCF. The report identifies several benefits for the GCF if RBF is designed and implemented correctly. The GCF is in a unique position to combine various financial instruments into attractive financial pack­ages for developing countries and private sector. It should therefore consider to develop comprehensive, programmatic, rights-based...
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Options for result-based financing within the energy sector in Nepal


Differ has assisted The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) in the mid-term review of National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) operated by DANIDA in Nepal. The tasks have been to  Assess the relevance of NRREP with regard to Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All, www.se4all.org) and Energy+ (www.energypluspartnership.no) Assess potential options for integrating result-based payments (both RBF and PBR) into the programme and explain how it can potentially add value ...
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Assessment of Policy Measures to Achieve “Sustainable Energy for All”


Client: The Norwegian MFA and The International Energy and Climate Initiative; Energy+ Project start: 2013 Duration: 8 months Involved resources: Erik Sauar, Tom Erichsen, Camilla Fulland, NCG, Joule Economics The task: Energy+ needed an evaluation of policy measures suitable for Energy+ partners targeting increased energy access and renewable energy production, including operational guidance for stakeholders in the implementing partner countries. The project: The project has produced a report that can function as a resource...
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Development of an Energy+ Sectoral Mechanism


Client: The Norwegian MFA and The International Energy and Climate Initiative; Energy+ Project start: 2013 Duration: 10 months Involved resources: Tom Erichsen, Erik Sauar, Kjetil Røine, Jørund Buen, Perspectives GmbH The task: Energy+ is working to implement sector-wide programs within renewable energy and energy efficiency in selected developing countries, based on a Payment-By-Results approach. The project: Differ was assigned to devise a concrete sectoral mechanism for implementation of Energy+ that can serve an efficient...
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Methane Financing Facility: Options for Design


Project start: November 2013 Client: International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) Duration: Three months Involved resources: Kristian Tangen, Anders Skogen The task: The purpose of the assignment was to provide analytical input to clarify key issues for bringing forward a Prototype Methane Financing Facility, under the auspices of the World Bank or NEFCO. The project: A report was written that discusses certain design issues basic to the proposal for a methane financing facility and the ramification of each...
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Senegal Clean Cooking Solutions - Quantitative and Qualitative Market Study


Differ was sub-contractor to TNS RMS Senegal together with Shared Value Africa on the World Bank Access Initiative ‘Senegal Clean Cooking Solutions – Quantitative and Qualitative Market Study’. The study provides insights on the stoves and fuels landscape in Senegal and identifies key demand-side and supply-side trends and issues in order to capture the opportunity areas in the Senegalese clean cooking market. Differ was responsible for the supply-side and policy part of the study and conducted 22 semi-structured expert interviews in Dakar...
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Reducing Electricity Tariff Subsidies to Combat Climate Change: New Mechanisms Under the UNFCCC


Assignment: Conceptualize and assess how a sectoral approach to reductions in electricity tariff subsidies in developing countries can be designed to fit under future UNFCCC market mechanisms. Differ assessed the potential for emission reductions to be achieved towards 2020 if a developing country reduced or removed its subsidies of electricity tariffs, and outlined how the abatement in the electricity generation sector as well as in commercial and residential consumer segments could fit under the NAMA framework. The project also looked...
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Assessment of New Financing Facility for Carbon Offset Projects


The client is supporting an initiative to develop a financing facility that can trigger CDM and other offset projects by issuing a financial guarantee for the offsets accruing from the projects. The project consisted of a proof-of-concept assessment, modeling, Monte Carlo simulation and testing the financial outcome under different scenarios. The project also provided initial thoughts and recommendations on the design and operations of a the facility. The work included advise related to capital requirements, risks, leverage potential, hedging...
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Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation to Stabilize Photovoltaic Power Generation


Differ facilitated the feasibility study (F/S) ‘Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation to Stabilize Photovoltaic Power Generation’, a study sponsored by the Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) under the Japanese Ministry of Environment. The F/S team was managed by Hitachi Zosen (technology provider) and consisted of members from Solar Frontier (technology provider), Mizuho Corporate Bank (financial analysis, CO2 reduction analyst) and Differ (facilitator), in addition to Ecopower (local partner). The purpose of the study was to...
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