Subscribe to Differ     Follow Differ on Twitter     Follow Differ on LinkedIn
Selected project references

Global LEAP RBF Appliance Incentive Design

 The task: The US NGO CLASP runs the Global LEAP Program. The Program includes a financial incentive mechanism aiming to develop the markets for off-grid appliances in Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda and Bangladesh.   The project: Differ collects baseline data on off-grid appliances in the relevant countries, as well as the existing policies and tax regimes. Based on the baseline and assessments of Best Available Technology, Differ estimates the Viability Gaps and develops recommendations on both the design of the incentive...
Read more

Advising the Govt. of Liberia on Results-Based Financing mechanisms for Renewable Energy

The task: The Government of Liberia needed advice on how to start developing energy services from a very challenging point of departure. The project: Differ was assigned to develop a set of recommendations on RBF approaches which were presented and discussed with the work with the Liberian Minister of Energy. The work consisted of extracting best practices and adapting these to the specific context of Liberia. 

Implementation of an Energy+ Result-based Funding Mechanism in Ethiopia

The task: In cooperation with the Government of Ethiopia, Energy+ is implementing a result-based funding mechanism for the off-grid energy sector. The project: Differ was assigned to work with the Ministry of Water, Irrigation & Energy and the Norwegian Embassy to establish funding mechanism and financial support levels for the improved the rural electrification program. The proposed outcome-based funding mechanisms are designed to provide payments for outcomes from increased access to modern and sustainable electricity and from...
Read more

Results-based financing in the GCF

"How resullts-based financing can help the GCF achieve its objectives"  is a Differ-report to the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment on why and how to implement RBF in the GCF. The report identifies several benefits for the GCF if RBF is designed and implemented correctly. The GCF is in a unique position to combine various financial instruments into attractive financial pack­ages for developing countries and private sector. It should therefore consider to develop comprehensive, programmatic, rights-based...
Read more

Options for result-based financing within the energy sector in Nepal

Differ has assisted The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) in the mid-term review of National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) operated by DANIDA in Nepal. The tasks have been to  Assess the relevance of NRREP with regard to Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All, and Energy+ ( Assess potential options for integrating result-based payments (both RBF and PBR) into the programme and explain how it can potentially add value ...
Read more

Assessment of Policy Measures to Achieve “Sustainable Energy for All”

The task: Energy+ needed an evaluation of policy measures suitable for Energy+ partners targeting increased energy access and renewable energy production, including operational guidance for stakeholders in the implementing partner countries. The project: The project has produced a report that can function as a resource document for policy makers in Africa or Asia, whether politicians or bureaucrats, who are searching for the best delivery mechanisms for increased access and increased renewable energy generation. The report describes...
Read more

Development of an RBF Sectoral Mechanism for Energy+

The task: Energy+ is working to implement sector-wide programs within renewable energy and energy efficiency in selected developing countries, based on a Payment-By-Results approach. The project: Differ was assigned to devise a concrete sectoral mechanism for implementation of Energy+ that can serve an efficient delivery mechanism for Sustainable Energy for All. Key aspects of the mechanism are neutrality in terms of technology, ability to stimulate commercial investments and suitability in terms of maximizing value per dollar donor...
Read more

Assessment of the Liberia Investment Plan for Renewable Energy

The task: Differ was asked to assess the IPRE for Liberia, and proposed how Energy+ could be part of the overall financing structure of the program. The project: Differ provided a report commenting to contents, technology cost estimates and other assumptions in the investment plan, proposed amendments to the REEP and outlines possible roles for Energy+ in the overall program finance package. 

Methane Financing Facility: Options for Design

The task: The purpose of the assignment was to provide analytical input to clarify key issues for bringing forward a Prototype Methane Financing Facility, under the auspices of the World Bank or NEFCO. The project: A report was written that discusses certain design issues basic to the proposal for a methane financing facility and the ramification of each choice by donors under current market conditions, namely 1) initial process in terms of put option auction; 2) eligible projects (CDM, voluntary); 3) role of...
Read more

Senegal Clean Cooking Solutions - Quantitative and Qualitative Market Study

Differ was sub-contractor to TNS RMS Senegal together with Shared Value Africa on the World Bank Access Initiative ‘Senegal Clean Cooking Solutions – Quantitative and Qualitative Market Study’. The study provides insights on the stoves and fuels landscape in Senegal and identifies key demand-side and supply-side trends and issues in order to capture the opportunity areas in the Senegalese clean cooking market. Differ was responsible for the supply-side and policy part of the study and conducted 22 semi-structured expert interviews in Dakar...
Read more

Reducing Electricity Tariff Subsidies to Combat Climate Change: New Mechanisms Under the UNFCCC

Assignment: Conceptualize and assess how a sectoral approach to reductions in electricity tariff subsidies in developing countries can be designed to fit under future UNFCCC market mechanisms. Differ assessed the potential for emission reductions to be achieved towards 2020 if a developing country reduced or removed its subsidies of electricity tariffs, and outlined how the abatement in the electricity generation sector as well as in commercial and residential consumer segments could fit under the NAMA framework. The project also looked...
Read more

Assessment of New Financing Facility for Carbon Offset Projects

The client is supporting an initiative to develop a financing facility that can trigger CDM and other offset projects by issuing a financial guarantee for the offsets accruing from the projects. The project consisted of a proof-of-concept assessment, modeling, Monte Carlo simulation and testing the financial outcome under different scenarios. The project also provided initial thoughts and recommendations on the design and operations of a the facility. The work included advise related to capital requirements, risks, leverage potential, hedging...
Read more

Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation to Stabilize Photovoltaic Power Generation

Differ facilitated the feasibility study (F/S) ‘Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation to Stabilize Photovoltaic Power Generation’, a study sponsored by the Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) under the Japanese Ministry of Environment. The F/S team was managed by Hitachi Zosen (technology provider) and consisted of members from Solar Frontier (technology provider), Mizuho Corporate Bank (financial analysis, CO2 reduction analyst) and Differ (facilitator), in addition to Ecopower (local partner). The purpose of the study was to...
Read more

Track record
Areas of expertise
Differ Group   Address: Storgata 26, 0184 Oslo, Norway   |   E-mail: